Unraveling nbn FTTN In 2024!

What Is NBN

Welcome to the world of FTTN, where lightning-fast internet speeds and immersive online experiences are just a click away or a few…

But what exactly is FTTN? FTTN, or Fiber to the Node, is a cutting-edge broadband technology that brings fiber optic cables tantalizingly close to your doorstep, enabling you to access the Internet at a good speed.

Now it’s not the best NBN tech type and if you’re like me, it caused you great grief during the initial rollout haha, that said, it’s been developed immensely over the last 5 years and is now a reliable method.

So what is FTTN?

Understanding FTTN technology

FTTN technology is a game-changer when it comes to internet connectivity. It involves bringing fiber optic cables to a cabinet, or node, located near your neighborhood. This node acts as a central hub, connecting multiple households to the fiber optic network.

From there, the connection is routed using existing copper infrastructure, ensuring a seamless and cost-effective transition to lightning-fast internet speeds.

FTTN technology offers a hybrid solution that combines the benefits of fiber optics and existing copper infrastructure.

While the fiber optic cables provide high-speed connectivity up to the node, the copper wires complete the final leg of the connection to individual homes. This combination allows for faster deployment and cost savings compared to full-fiber solutions.

FTTN technology also offers scalability, allowing for future upgrades and advancements. As demand for faster speeds and increased bandwidth grows, FTTN networks can be easily enhanced by replacing or upgrading the existing copper infrastructure.

This flexibility ensures that FTTN remains a viable and future-proofed solution for years to come, as long as providers continue to invest in this technology type.

Advantages of FTTN over traditional broadband

There is no doubt that FTTN is much better than the old ADSL2 and even cable, FTTN technology brings numerous advantages over traditional broadband solutions. Here are some key benefits:

  1. Speed: FTTN offers significantly faster speeds compared to traditional broadband. With fiber optic cables reaching the node, users can experience blazing-fast download and upload speeds, resulting in seamless streaming, quick downloads, and lag-free online gaming.
  2. Reliability: FTTN networks are more reliable than traditional broadband due to the use of fiber optics. Unlike copper wires, fiber optic cables are immune to electromagnetic interference and offer superior signal quality, ensuring a stable and consistent internet connection.
  3. Cost-efficiency: FTTN is a cost-effective solution compared to full-fiber solutions like FTTP (Fiber to the Premises). By leveraging existing copper infrastructure, FTTN eliminates the need for extensive rewiring, reducing deployment costs and making high-speed internet more accessible to a larger population.
  4. Deployment speed: FTTN technology allows for faster deployment compared to full-fiber solutions. Since it utilizes existing infrastructure, the time required to bring high-speed internet to communities is significantly reduced, enabling quicker access to the benefits of FTTN technology.

FTTN vs FTTP: A comparison

FTTN and FTTP (Fiber to the Premises) are both fiber optic-based broadband technologies, but they differ in terms of their infrastructure and capabilities. Here’s a comparison between the two:

  1. Infrastructure: FTTN utilizes a combination of fiber optic cables and existing copper infrastructure, whereas FTTP brings fiber optic cables directly to individual premises. In FTTP, the entire connection from the exchange to the home is fiber optic, resulting in higher speeds and reliability.
  2. Speed: FTTP offers faster speeds compared to FTTN. With a direct fiber optic connection, FTTP can deliver symmetrical upload and download speeds, ensuring optimal performance for bandwidth-intensive applications.
  3. Cost: FTTN is generally more cost-effective than FTTP. The use of existing copper infrastructure in FTTN reduces deployment costs, making it a more affordable option for both service providers, however the cost does not matter for the typical Aussie consumer.
  4. Scalability: FTTP has better scalability compared to FTTN. Since FTTP brings fiber optic cables directly to individual premises, it allows for future upgrades and advancements without the need for extensive reconfiguration of the network.

While FTTP offers superior performance, FTTN remains a viable option for areas where full-fiber deployment is not feasible or cost-effective.

It strikes a balance between speed, reliability, and affordability, providing high-speed internet access to a larger population.

You can compare further with by accessing important guides such as All You Need To Know About NBN.

FTTN deployment challenges and considerations

While FTTN technology brings numerous benefits, there are some challenges and considerations that need to be addressed during deployment. Here are a few:

  1. Copper infrastructure limitations: FTTN relies on existing copper infrastructure for the final leg of the connection. The quality and condition of the copper wires can impact the overall performance and speed of the FTTN network. Aging or deteriorating copper lines may require maintenance or replacement to ensure optimal connectivity.
  2. Distance limitations: The distance between the node and individual premises can affect the performance of FTTN technology. As the distance increases, the signal strength may diminish, leading to slower speeds and potential service degradation. Service providers need to consider the proximity of premises to the node during the deployment of FTTN networks.
  3. Upgradability: FTTN networks should be designed with future upgradability in mind. As technology advances and demand for faster speeds increases, the FTTN infrastructure should be capable of accommodating upgrades and advancements without requiring significant reconfiguration or replacement.
  4. Service availability: FTTN technology may not be available in all areas. Service providers need to assess the feasibility of deploying FTTN networks based on factors such as population density, existing infrastructure, and cost-effectiveness.

Addressing these challenges and considerations will be crucial in the effectiveness of the FTTN moving forward, as I’ve mentioned, FTTP is the key focus for most ISPs and it will be interesting to see how FTTN goes in the coming years.

Understanding FTTN Service Classes

Service classes are a categorization system used by NBN Co to describe the status of a property’s connection to the NBN network.

For FTTN connections, there are specific service classes that inform service providers and residents about the installation’s progress and what actions are required to get connected.

  • Service Class 10: This means that the property’s area is planned to be serviceable by copper (FTTN or FTTB – Fiber to the Building). It means that infrastructure work is underway but not yet completed.
  • Service Class 11: At this stage, the site is serviceable by copper, but a copper lead-in is required. Essentially, the external work has been done, but there’s a need for a line to be run into the property.
  • Service Class 12: This class signifies that the location is serviceable by NBN copper (FTTN or FTTB), and a service can be ordered. Activation dates are provided once the service is requested, indicating that the infrastructure is in place and ready for use.
  • Service Class 13: The necessary jumpering and install has been completed, and the connection is primed for NBN use via FTTN or FTTB. There is no need for a technician visit, these connections can typically be connected same day when ordering from in store. Online orders will typically complete once the modem is delivered and set up.

The service classes help residents and businesses understand what to expect when preparing for their NBN connection.

For instance, if a property is classified under Service Class 11, the property owner or tenant knows that additional work is required to install a copper lead-in before they can connect to the NBN.

FTTN providers and availability

FTTN technology is offered by various service providers around the world. Availability may vary depending on the region and the service providers operating in that area.

These are just a few examples of FTTN providers, and there are many other regional and local service providers offering high-speed internet solutions based on FTTN technology.

To check the availability of FTTN in your area, it is recommended to contact local service providers or visit their websites for more information.

FTTN speed and performance

FTTN technology delivers impressive speeds that can rival traditional broadband solutions. The actual speeds experienced by users depend on various factors, including the distance from the node, the quality of the copper infrastructure, and the overall network load.

Here’s what you can expect from FTTN speeds:

  1. Download speeds: FTTN can provide download speeds ranging from 25 Mbps to 100 Mbps or even higher, depending on the service plan and network conditions. These speeds allow for quick downloads of large files, smooth streaming of high-definition content, and lag-free online gaming.
  2. Upload speeds: FTTN typically offers asymmetrical upload speeds, meaning the upload speed is slower than the download speed. Upload speeds can range from 5 Mbps to 40 Mbps, enabling users to upload files, share content, and participate in video conferences without interruptions.

It’s important to note that the actual speeds experienced may vary due to factors beyond the control of the service provider, such as network congestion or the quality of the copper infrastructure.

However, FTTN technology consistently delivers faster speeds compared to traditional broadband, enhancing the overall online experience for users.

A quick note, your service provider is now obliged to notify you if you can’t get the the advertised speed you have signed up for.

For example, if you sign up for the 50/20 and can only get 25/5, your ISP will let you know and work with you to get a better solution.

FTTN troubleshooting and maintenance

Like any technology, FTTN networks may require troubleshooting and maintenance from time to time. Here are some common issues you may encounter and steps to resolve them:

  1. Slow speeds: If you are experiencing slower speeds than expected, it could be due to various factors. Start by checking your internet plan to ensure you are subscribed to the appropriate speed tier. If the issue persists, contact your service provider to investigate any potential network issues or perform line tests to identify any issues with the copper infrastructure.
  2. Intermittent connectivity: If your internet connection drops frequently or becomes intermittent, it could be due to signal interference or line issues. Make sure all cables are securely connected and not damaged. If the problem persists, contact your service provider for assistance in identifying and resolving any connectivity issues.
  3. Service outages: In rare cases, FTTN networks may experience service outages due to maintenance or technical issues. Check for any service outage notifications from your service provider and follow any instructions provided. If the outage persists, contact your service provider for updates and estimated resolution times.

Regular maintenance and proactive monitoring by service providers help ensure the smooth operation of FTTN networks. That said, sometimes it’s out of control and related to a bigger issue.

This is why FTTP upgrades are being proposed and 5G alternatives are also being pushed.

If you encounter any issues, don’t hesitate to reach out to your service provider for assistance.

Future of FTTN technology

FTTN technology continues to evolve and improve, driven by the increasing demand for faster speeds and better internet connectivity.

Here are some key developments and trends shaping the future of FTTN technology:

  1. Advancements in copper technology: Ongoing research and development in copper technology aim to enhance the performance and capacity of existing copper infrastructure. New techniques, such as vectoring and bonding, can mitigate the limitations of copper, allowing for higher speeds and improved signal quality.
  2. Hybrid solutions: FTTN networks may evolve into hybrid solutions that combine fiber optics and wireless technologies. This combination can enhance the flexibility and scalability of FTTN networks, providing even faster speeds and wider coverage.
  3. 5G integration: The integration of FTTN technology with 5G networks can create synergies and offer a seamless user experience. FTTN can act as a backhaul for 5G base stations, supporting the increasing bandwidth demands of 5G networks and enabling faster and more reliable wireless connectivity.
  4. Fiber expansion: While FTTN technology leverages existing copper infrastructure, fiber expansion remains a focus for many service providers. In areas where full-fiber deployment is feasible, service providers may opt for FTTP solutions to offer the highest speeds and optimal performance.

The future of FTTN technology is promising, offering faster speeds, increased reliability, and enhanced connectivity for users worldwide. However, as mentioned, with FTTP the focus, It will be interesting to see how FTTN develops or if they just opt for full FTTP.


FTTN technology might not have had a perfect start, but it’s been a game-changer for internet access in Australia. Now, many more of us enjoy the benefits of fast internet speed.

FTTN cleverly combines fiber optics with our trusty old copper lines, making it a smart way to deliver high-speed internet without breaking the bank.

It offers real advantages: faster speeds, better reliability, and it’s easier on the wallet – a winning combination for homes and businesses alike. Sure, it might not be quite as fast as a full-fiber setup, but FTTN is still a good option for most.

As FTTN technology develops, we’ll figure out ways to overcome things like those


  • David Everson

    Telecommunications & Technology enthusiast, I have worked multiple years in the telco and tech space, so have a strong passion towards delivering terrific insights.

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