FTTP Explained: Supercharge Your Internet with Fibre to the Premises


Welcome back readers, today we are going to deep-dive into the elite nbn tech type of FTTP, by the end of this, you will understand how it works, the benefits and where to go to potentially upgrade to FTTP.

Optical fiber-based broadband, known as Fiber to the Premises (FTTP), delivers internet connectivity directly from the provider to residential or commercial buildings using fiber optic cables.

This method of internet connection maintains high data transmission speeds and quality over long distances, positioning FTTP as a top-tier choice for rapid internet access.

I have FTTP and use a speed booster to get the 250/25 speed, and I can confirm that it’s by far the best NBN technology type.

Understanding the nuances of FTTP is important when you’re evaluating your internet options. It not only offers superior speeds that can get upwards of 500mbps in Australia but also provides a reliable and stable connection.

Factors like network configuration, peak usage times, and customer equipment play a pivotal role in the actual speeds and experience realized by us, that’s why the telcos advertise, “typical evening speeds”.

The FTTP option will not cost anything as it’s based on the area you live in, however, you can get fiber options installed at your house for a cost, if you don’t live in these areas.

The adoption of FTTP by service providers like nbn is part of a broader move to accommodate future advancements and bandwidth needs.

The potential for upgrades and scalability means FTTP has a long lifespan, giving users access to a top-tier internet connection that can evolve with technological changes and significant users in the household.

Understanding FTTP

If we are discussing high-speed internet, FTTP stands as a premier connection type due to its efficiency and reliability.

This section will focus specifically on its definition and the key components that comprise FTTP networks and pretty much why it’s the best option.

Definition of FTTP

Fibre to the Premises (FTTP), also known as full fibre, represents a broadband connection type where fibre optic cables are run directly from the network termination device (NTD) at the point of interconnect (POI) to individual buildings.

This direct connection ensures the highest speed and most stable internet service currently available in the National Broadband Network ecosystem.

Components of FTTP Networks

FTTP networks consist of several critical components, which include:

  • Fibre Optic Cables: These are the core conduits of data, transmitting information at speeds close to the speed of light. They use light signals to carry data, which provides a significant performance improvement over traditional copper cables.
  • NTD (Network Termination Device): This device is installed within the customer’s premises and acts as the endpoint for the fibre connection. It is where the external fibre optic cable connects to the internal wiring of a home or business.
  • Fibre Node: Situated within the local area, this is a central point where multiple fibre optic lines converge. From here, lines are extended to individual premises.
  • POI (Point of Interconnect): The POI is the exchange where service providers connect to the National Broadband Network to access network services. This is a vital component of the FTTP infrastructure as it facilitates the handoff of data between different networks.

FTTP Service Classes

In Australia, the NBN FTTP (Fiber to the Premises) service classes represent various stages of readiness for a property’s fiber optic connection. Here are the FTTP service classes:

  • Service Class 1: The location has been declared ready for service, which means that the area is serviceable by fiber, but no drop fiber has been installed to the premises. This means you need to book an NBN appointment which can take up to several weeks but also as little as a few days.
  • Service Class 2: The drop fiber has been run from the street to the outside of the premises, but the internal equipment (such as the NBN Utility Box) has not been installed. This means that the underground Fibre is installed however no connection box or NTD is on the premises. NBN will need to come out to install this for you, not your service provider. You can however, place your order through your ISP who will then book through NBN.
  • Service Class 3: The location is fully installed and serviceable by fiber, with both the external and internal NBN equipment installed. This means that the property is ready for an NBN plan to be activated. You can also get same day connections provided you get the order submitted and modem set up. Lucky you!

FTTP vs Other NBN Technologies

So let’s discuss how FTTP compares to other tech types of NBN, I’ve already spoiled it for you that FTTP is the best type, but let’s see why.

Comparing FTTP and FTTN

Fibre to the Node (FTTN) primarily uses existing copper phone lines to connect users to the nearest fibre node. 

FTTP, on the other hand, extends a fibre optic line all the way to the user’s premises, which typically allows for faster, more stable internet connections. With FTTN, the quality and length of the copper line can significantly affect the connection speed and reliability.


While Fibre to the Curb (FTTC) is similar to FTTN, it brings fibre closer to the home, stopping at the curb or street.

This typically results in higher speeds than FTTN, but still usually falls short of FTTP’s gigabit-capable speeds. Hybrid Fibre-Coaxial (HFC) integrates fibre and existing ‘pay TV’ coaxial cable; while it can deliver high speeds, it doesn’t quite match FTTP’s peak performance and consistency.

Understanding Fixed Wireless and Satellite Alternatives

NBN alternatives like Fixed Wireless and Satellite are crucial for connectivity in rural and remote areas where traditional landline-based NBN technologies are unfeasible.

Fixed Wireless connects users to a nearby tower using radio signals, while Satellite relies on orbiting satellites to deliver a connection.

These technologies are typically slower and more affected by environmental factors than wired NBN counterparts like FTTP.

Benefits of FTTP

High-Speed Internet Potential

FTTP, being a pure fibre-optic connection, enables ultra-fast speeds that are scarcely approached by other types of connections.

With speed tiers available that range from nbn 50 to an impressive nbn 1000 or 1 gigabit per second (Gbps), users are provided with a variety of options that cater to their specific needs.

Most notably, FTTP’s ability to reach gigabit speeds in some locations, make it a choice option, although 5G is starting to rise and compete with FTTP.

Reliability and Maintenance Advantages

The superiority of FTTP is also evident in its reliability. With fewer moving parts and minimal dependence on older infrastructure, FTTP networks are less prone to wear and outages.

Even in cases of power outages, fibre-optic systems can maintain functionality with the help of backup power solutions.

For more, consider reading how to replace your nbn battery.

Improved Streaming and Gaming Experience

FTTP significantly uplifts the quality of streaming and gaming experiences. Users enjoy crystal-clear video and seamless online gameplay thanks to high-speed internet and low latency.

Gone are the days of high pings and your friends screaming at you online!

Lastly, FTTP often provides consistent typical evening speeds, ensuring entertainment and gaming are uninterrupted when demand for internet bandwidth is highest.

Installation and Setup

When preparing for FTTP installation, understanding the process, the necessary equipment, and the available technical support is crucial for a smooth transition to high-speed internet.

The Installation Process

FTTP installation begins with an installation appointment. An nbn technician will visit the home or business to connect the location to the nbn network.

This typically involves running a fibre optic cable to the premises and testing the connection for proper functionality.

Prior to this, a pre-installation visit may occur to assess the site and identify the best entry point for the fibre.

If the house has had FTTP already installed and the box is ready to go, it’s essentially plug and play and you can be up and running within an hour.

Equipment Required for FTTP

The main equipment for an FTTP installation includes an nbn connection box and a modem router. The nbn connection box is usually installed inside the premises near a power outlet and an existing telephone socket.

For most, this is in the garage of the house or kitchen. If you don’t have one on FTTP, you will need a tech to come out and visit.

The box connects to the fibre optic cable on the outside of the premises. Customers may need to supply or purchase a compatible modem-router that will connect to the nbn connection box via an Ethernet cable to provide Wi-Fi and wired internet access within the location.

Technical Support and Troubleshooting

Following installation, technical support is available through the internet provider should any issues arise. A customer service team is typically on hand for troubleshooting problems such as connectivity issues or hardware malfunctions.

They can also run line checks from their end, people who have providers like Optus NBN and Telstra NBN have self-diagnostic tools available through apps.

Costs and Availability


Now let’s get into the costs to get FTTP at home, typically, it costs the same as other tech types unless you want speed boosts or add on like static IP.

Pricing and Plans

Internet Plans can vary significantly in price based on factors such as data allowance and speed.

NBN Co, the company responsible for the NBN network, has set wholesale prices which are then marked up by retail service providers like Telstra and Optus to cover customer service and additional features.

Customers can typically expect to pay more for higher-speed plans with greater data allowances.

  • Basic FTTP Plan: From $30/month with lower speeds and capped data.
  • Standard FTTP Plan: Around $50-$80/month with moderate speeds and data allowance.
  • Premium FTTP Plan: This could exceed $100/month with the highest speeds and unlimited data.

Do your research, as some providers like MATE and Optus have incredible deals, where you get high-speed internet for great prices.

FTTP Rollout and Eligibility

The rollout of FTTP is a strategic initiative by NBN Co and focuses on improving internet infrastructure across Australia. The good news, is that it’s nearly done!

Areas are prioritized based on various factors, including demand and existing infrastructure. Eligible homes and businesses can be connected to FTTP, which extends a fibre optic line directly to the premises.

For the most current information on the rollout and updates, visit NBN Co’s official website or contact them directly. For most, the NBN roll-out is pretty much complete with not many locations left to roll-out.

Upgrading to FTTP

NBN Co may offer a free FTTP upgrade as part of governmental and corporate initiatives to improve internet speed and reliability.

However, additional external costs could apply for the installation process. Service providers may have special offers or plans that factor in the cost of an upgrade.

Checking availability and potential costs with your current provider or NBN Co is recommended for those interested in upgrading to FTTP.

I’ve also provided the link for you to read more on the FTTP upgrade by NBN.

  • Free Upgrade: Subject to eligibility and may include external installation costs.
  • Upgrade Process: Inquire with service providers or contact NBN Co for detailed information.

FTTP’s Role in Australia’s Internet Future

As mentioned, Australia is nearly done with the FTTP roll-out and people can now even apply to go full fibre via the NBN Co website.

Government Initiatives and NBN Co’s Role

The Australian Government, together with NBN Co, has committed to expanding the National Broadband Network (NBN) with an emphasis on FTTP connections.

Initiatives such as the significant upgrading of the NBN to incorporate more FTTP have been announced, promising enhanced speeds and improved network performance.

This includes a multi-billion dollar plan to provide 8 million premises with the potential to achieve speeds of up to 1 gigabit per second, although speeds between 100mbps and 500mbps are more likely.

Evolving Technology and Network Upgrades

Technological advances are critical in the evolution of Australia’s internet development, competitors such as superfast 5G have come onto the scene, forcing NBN and ISP’s to offer faster more competitive NBN.

That’s why you will see better offers, faster speeds and, more investment into the FTTP tech type as providers look to keep you on NBNN rather than switch to 5G.

Choice of Providers and Consumer Impact

The rollout of FTTP in Australia gives consumers a range of choices for internet providers. Players such as Telstra and Optus are among the NBN providers offering various wholesale speed tiers through the network’s infrastructure.

This move not only fosters competitive pricing and service options but also empowers consumers to select packages that align with their specific internet needs and choose from a huge playing field of providers such as MVNOs.


That concludes, this little case study into FTTP Technology, below you’ll find some of the most frequently asked questions, if you have any other questions, get in touch!

FTTP stands for Fibre to the Premises, which involves running a fibre optic cable directly to your home or office, connecting you to the internet without any copper lines.

FTTP provides higher potential speed tiers and is less susceptible to interference, offering improved reliability and performance for internet services.

FTTP generally offers consistent speeds, even during peak usage times, referred to as typical evening speeds. These speeds are less likely to lag under the strain of increased evening demand.

To get connected with FTTP, you’ll need an FTTP-compatible modem and a router. A connection box will be installed at your premises linked to the fibre optic cable from a nearby distribution point.

Yes, you can typically use your existing home phone with FTTP by connecting it to a designated port on your FTTP connection equipment or by using a compatible VoIP service.

When your location is scheduled for a “ready for FTTP upgrade,” you qualify for a complimentary installation upon transitioning to FTTP. This is contingent on subscribing to a new high-speed NBN plan.

No, you can get the FTTP plans for the same cost as other technology types, however if you want faster speeds, you will need to pay extra for speed boosts


  • David Everson

    Telecommunications & Technology enthusiast, I have worked multiple years in the telco and tech space, so have a strong passion towards delivering terrific insights.

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